Here we present an antique Belgian Mariette Ring Trigger/Under Hammer Percussion Pepperbox. These are quite scarce. This firearm was made circa the 1850s in Liege, Belgium, known for centuries now as one of the foremost firearms capitals of the world. It was expressly made for self-defense, giving the shooter 6 shots of .31 caliber ball without having to cock a hammer.
This piece is double action, with a cluster of 6 barrels that revolves with each pull of the trigger. This is a percussion piece, and each of the 6 barrels can be independently unscrewed for loading. In fact, each of the barrels is numbered and corresponds to the same number on the firearm, so that the user could not lose track of which barrel goes to its particular portion of the breech. The loading of the gun from the breech, rather than from the muzzle, was beneficial to loading a larger ball—yielding a better gas seal—as opposed to trying to load from the muzzle. The barrels and breeches are numbered 1-6 in sequence. The breach of the barrel cluster is Liege proofed.
The overall condition is very good. The barrels retain their Damascened twist pattern. Iron parts gray with age throughout. The markings are clear. The grips appear to be in fair shape. The bores are smooth and dark. The action remains strong. If interested please contact me and I will put you directly in contact with Mr. Cash to work out payment and shipping details.
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
From the T. Neidy collection.
A scarce French Officer's percussion Pistol manufactured circa 1835-1850. This pistol was manufactured at Chatellerault during the mid 19th century. Complete with a steel ramrod. Approx .69 calibre. Overall length 11 inches. Worn and well used condition, the lock is marked Manuf ie de Chatellerault. In good working order. This type of French percussion pistol are also known to have been carried in the Southern states of America during the U.S. Civil War (circa 1862-1865).
For any additional information, please contact Mr. Neidy at email@example.com.
The Snider first saw action with the British/Indian Army at the battle of Magdolia (Aroghee) in Ethiopia on 10 April 1868; during the battle the Kings own regiment alone fired 10,200 rounds. The Snider–Enfield served throughout the British Empire, including Cape Colony, India, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada, until its gradual phaseout by the Martini Henry, beginning in 1874. Volunteer and militia forces continued to use it until the late 1880s. It stayed in service with the Indian Army until the mid-1890s.
The Snider–Enfield was produced in several variants. The most commonly encountered variants were the Rifled Musket or Long Rifle, the Short Rifle, and the Cavalry and Artillery Carbines. The Long Rifle has a 36.5 inches (93 cm) barrel and three barrel bands. Its total length (without bayonet) is 54.25 inches (137.8 cm) in length, longer than most rifles of the time. It was issued to line infantry and has three-groove rifling with one turn in 78 inches (200 cm). The Short Rifle has a 30.5 inches (77 cm) barrel and two barrel bands with iron furniture.
This variant was issued to sergeants on line infantry and rifle units. It has five-groove rifling with one turn in 48 inches (120 cm). The Cavalry Carbine is half stocked and has only one barrel band. It has a 19.5 inches (50 cm) barrel, with the same rifling as the Short Rifle. The Artillery Carbine has a 21.25 inches (54.0 cm) barrel with a full stock and two barrel bands, and the same rifling as the Short Rifle and Cavalry Carbine. There was also a shortened rifle for training purposes, aptly named the Cadet Carbine. It has a full size rear sight and not the small sight seen on Cavalry Carbines.
This example has a perfect bore, bright, shiny , with sharp, crisp, rifling.
The wood is also in excellent condition, solid with no major issues, except some ancient initials art work. Metal finish has turned a pleasing brown blue patina for the most part but there is still much original dark blue in areas, actually I have owned many of these rifles and this is the best carbine I have ever had. The butt stock is stamped 4 over 44, indicating the 4th Hussars and rack or weapon number 44. Complete with original 2 piece cleaning rod.
The serial number on this carbine is the same on both the breech block and the flip up rear sight, #2183, and unfortunately it is not on the limited list of Mountie carbines by Don Klancher "Arms and Accoutrements of the Mounted Police 1873-1973" at page 182, listing 125 of the 300 plus Snider carbines as acquired by the NWMP. This Snider does however come very close to a documented NWMP carbine, only 9 numbers below #2192 and as it is understood not all rifles were D.C. marked this being so close to a documented NWMP carbine it would not be a stretch (maybe a little stretch) to assume that this is in fact a NWMP carbine. Obviously, there is no way to verify this, this is only wishful thinking on my part but for now I will just enjoy the possibilities. Definitely, a nice as found, historical, Canadian piece.
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
Upper and Lower Canada were formed by the Constitutional Act of 1791, in response to the wave of United Empire Loyalists moving north from the United States into the French-speaking province of Quebec following the American Revolution 1765-1783. The result was the division of the old Province of Quebec into two colonies, Lower Canada to the east and Upper Canada to the West, each with their provincial legislatures. While Lower Canada retained the seigneurial system, language, and religious institutions of Quebec, Upper Canada developed on a model of British society.
In the wake of the American Revolution, United Empire Loyalists fled northwards to the Province of Quebec, followed by other English-speaking settlers. By 1790 the influx of new settlers numbered about 10,000. The territories they settled were already occupied by Indigenous peoples, including the Wendat, Tionontatehronnon, and Algonquin. The Loyalists, guided by Sir Frederick Haldimand, settled primarily along the St. Lawrence River in the area of Kingston, along the shores of Lake Ontario by the Bay of Quinte, and around the Niagara Peninsula. While Quebec had been established as a British colony with the Treaty of Paris 1763 and the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the majority of the population remained French-speaking. The English settlers, however, brought with them their own political and religious ideals, and tensions soon arose between the two groups. One key issue was that of land ownership. The Province of Quebec had established a seigneurial system that awarded parcels of land to nobles and religious communities, who then allotted pieces of the land to tenants in return for farming the land. Used to the freedoms they had held in the Thirteen Colonies, the new settlers wanted instead to own their lands in their own right. Similarly, they pushed for representative government, a British system of parliament, and British civil law. Religion was another point of tension. While the Roman Catholic Church was the established Church in Quebec, the new settlers looked to establish their Protestant Church.
In the years prior to the division of Quebec into the Canadas, Britain had hopes that floods of English settlers would anglicize Quebec. Prior to the Loyalist wave, the floods did not materialize. The Quebec Act of 1774 had restored the Catholic Church in Quebec, and the old French civil law, reversing the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The Canadiens were not ready to give up their recently restored privileges.
The solution arrived at was the division of Quebec. The British Constitutional Act of 1791 officially divided Quebec into the primarily French-speaking Province of Lower Canada, and the primarily English-speaking Province of Upper Canada. Each province established its own government, with an appointed lieutenant-governor, executive council, legislative council, and elected representative assembly. While Lower Canada retained the seigneurial system, language, and religious institutions of Quebec, John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, was determined that the new province would be a model of British society.
The territory of Lower Canada extended west from the Ottawa River to the Great Lakes, south of Rupert's Land. Lower Canada extended east from the Ottawa River to the mouth of the St. Lawrence River, including what is now Labrador.
The terms “upper” and “lower” refer to the relative location of each province along the St. Lawrence River, which hints at the importance of rivers as highways for travel in the period. Upper Canada was located nearest the source of the St. Lawrence, “upriver”. In contrast, Lower Canada was closest to the mouth of the St. Lawrence, “downriver” (traveling with the current).
With the establishment of Upper Canada, the seigneurial system of Quebec was abolished in favour of British freehold land tenure. Established as the official Church of the province, the Anglican Church received preferential treatment, for instance being granted large tracts of land as clergy reserves, "for the support and maintenance of a Protestant Clergy.” Simcoe established British civil law and trial by jury, established the provincial capital at York (Toronto), and left a legacy of road building and town planning. Promises of free land drew more immigrants to the province. By 1811, the population of new settlers was almost 90,000.
In the early nineteenth-century, control of the province fell to the Family Compact, a small Conservative group, loyal to the British Crown. They were chosen from the friends of the lieutenant-governor and appointed to prominent roles within the government. The Family Compact was known for its corruption, granting government positions in return for favours of financial or political support, and preferential treatment of friends and supporters. But they were also “progressive industrialists,” promoting building programs and public works. But their aggressive hold on power, confined to a select elite few, fed political tension.
The War of 1812 was a defining moment for Upper Canada, which generated patriotic myths and heroic figures such as Laura Secord, Sir Isaac Brock, and Tecumseh. The war also strengthened ties with Britain, and immigrants flowed from Britain into Upper Canada in place of the American immigrants whom the war had halted.
As Upper Canada grew, it struggled economically, and by the 1820s had fallen into chronic debt. The province also lacked in infrastructures such as schools, hospitals, and local government. The government’s failings and corruption all contributed to the 1837-1838 rebellion. Early attempts to push through political reform, led by those such as Robert Baldwin, were moderate and unsuccessful. William Lyon Mackenzie took charge of the reformers in 1837 and left them into armed revolt against the government. The rebellion was defeated, but reform would follow.
The Act of 1791 did not put an end to tensions in what was now, Lower Canada. While the majority of the population remained French-speaking, the British imposed English as the official language. The House of Assembly was divided between the English-speaking Tory Party, and the French-speaking Canadian Party, the House majority. Similarly, two political papers, The Quebec Mercury and Le Canadien voiced the interests of the English merchants and the Canadiens, respectively. Gradually, English began to take over as the language of business; by 1831, 45% of Quebec City's population was English-speaking, and by 1842 they made up 61% of Montreal's population.
Lower Canada appeared to thrive as the population boomed, growing from 110,000 in 1784 to 330,000 in 1812. Fur trade and commercial agriculture continued to dominate the economy. The timber trade grew rapidly after 1806 as demand rose, in part to meet the needs for shipbuilding. By 1832, however, the economy was in crisis. The declining price of furs and wheat resulted in a sharp decline in production, and many farmers were reduced to subsistence farming. The Province fell into chronic deficit importing wheat from Upper Canada. By the early nineteenth century, overpopulation had led to land scarcity and an increasing rural population, fuelled in part by British immigrants, which contributed to class struggle.
These events and conflicts helped to fan the growing nationalism sentiments which came to a head in the Patriot insurrection of 1837-1838. The subsidy crisis, attributed to the “château clique”, the problem of customs duties between Upper and Lower Canada, and rising ethnic tensions all added fuel to the fire. Tensions boiled over in 1837 and rebellion broke out, “Patriots” taking up arms against the English army. Poor organization proved fatal to the rebellion, and the English response was swift and decisive. In response to the rebellion, Sir John Colborne appointed a special council to govern Lower Canada in place of the House Assembly until 1841.
In 1838, Lord Durham, sent to report on the rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada, condemned the “political cliques”, the Family Compact and château clique”. He advocated for the establishment of responsible government and the amalgamation of Canadas into a single Union, as well as the assimilation of the French Canadiens. In 1841, the Act of Union officially united the two Canadas into the single Province of Canada.
This particular piece is in .577 Caliber, with a 24 inch barrel with a fine, bright bore. This is a very rare, Lower Canada marked carbine that uses one of the Liege contracted, E / LG proofed barrels; one of about 100 such carbines, and one of only 76 Foot Artillery marked carbines. The metal has an overall blue/plum-brown patina. The lock plate is marked TOWER and dated 1856. The stock is English walnut with Pryse and Redman stamped along the belly of the butt and inside the barrel channel in the stock and a large WD, broad arrow, War Department stamp on the right side. There is a name stamped into the stock on the left hand side but I cannot make it out, it appears to be an H. LOD--.
The brass furniture has an overall mustard patina with small hole drilled through the edge of the trigger guard with a chain attached to a nipple protector and unit issue markings on the butt plate tang: LC / D / 3, since there is no D designation in an artillery company, I believe it to be, 1st Sherbrooke Rifle Company. If anybody has any different deduction I would love to hear it. The wood has numerous handling marks and blemishes throughout, along with some tiny chips missing from the ramrod channel, and the barrel bands match the rest of the metal. This is a fine example of a very hard to find, Canadian unit marked Enfield Artillery Carbine, and would make a fantastic addition to any collection. Ref: "Defending the Dominion - Canadian Military Rifles 1855-1955" by David W. Edgecombe, (2003).
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
I'm moving out of Marlins for the most part, so I am listing a few of my collector grade rifles. This is a nice example of a rare Marlin Model 1893 Lever Action Rifle manufactured in 1907. Special order features include a beautiful half octagon to round barrel as well as factory sling swivels, most half octagon to round barrels had shortened magazine tubes, this one obviously has a rarer, full magazine, for this configuration. This rifle is chambered in the highly desirable 38-55 Caliber. Most examples are chambered in .30-30. It also has the earlier "Model 1893" designation. Later they changed it to "Mod 93". This particular example is in extraordinarily high condition. The barrel has retained most of its original dark rich bluing, a solid 95 % on the barrel and magazine. Just a hint of spotty patina here and there, mostly near the muzzle. There are areas that have hardened oil that appears brownish in the pictures, I have not cleaned this off as I believe it is in keeping with the rifle, however this is easily cleaned off. The receiver has virtually all of its original vibrant case-hardening, except for a little loss around the carry area, a solid 90 % case colours. The stock is very nice with minor storage marks, the butt stock sports the S shape butt plate. The bore has strong, sharp, rifling throughout with some minor black powder roughness. From the wear on the loading gate and the slight loss of colour in the carry area you can tell this rifle was obviously hunted in its day but not very often, as well it must have been put away in a dark place, early in its life, as that would be the only way to keep the original case colours from fading. This is a rare, high condition, highly collectable rifle, for a serious Marlin collector.
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
August Francotte & Cie is a Belgian firearms production company based in Belgium. The company was founded in 1805 by August Francotte in Liège, at Rue de Mont-Saint-Martin 61. The company was noted to be especially active from 1860 to 1914 before manufacturing ceased due to the German invasion of Belgium. The company resumed production after World War I. Today, the company is known for the production of extremely high-quality bespoke double-barreled shotguns and bolt-action rifles.
These pistols sport a three quarter inch flared muzzle with about .44 caliber bores, three and a half inch round, iron, blunderbuss style barrels, with 3.25 inch snap bayonets under the barrels. The box flintlock actions have sliding pan locking safeties and flat reinforced cocks. The iron frames are lightly engraved and the reverse of the barrels have Liege proof marks, on the other side the of the barrels the crown over AF is visible, this is the trademark of Auguste Francotte. Checkered bag shaped walnut grips have carved shell patterns at frame. The pistols are contained in a French style, form fitted case, with maroon velvet lining and accessories, including combination tool, mold loading tool, copper powder flask and spare flints in one of the compartments. The condition of both pistols is very good with aged toned pewter metal, lightly scattered minor surface oxidation and light pinpricking. Bores are good, actions are mechanically sound and functional, as are the snap bayonets.
The powder flask has a small opening in the seam but otherwise is in good condition.
The case is in fine condition, showing minor dings from use and very light wear on the lining. A very nice set that displays very vell. Antique in Canada, no license required. If interested please contact me and I will put you directly in contact with Mr. Neidy to work out payment and shipping details.
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
#8885, Caliber 45-70, Built by Ted Girodat in approximately 1988 on a Shilo Sharps action. The barrel is cut rifled by Ken Biesen, engraving by Heide Marie Hiptmayer and cased by John R. Miller in cherry wood, accessories are silver plated.
oldguns.ca, virtual museum collection.
From the W. Connor collection.
Sharps rifles are a series of large-bore, single-shot, falling block, breech loading rifles, beginning with a design by Christian Sharps in 1848, and ceasing production in 1881. They were renowned for long-range accuracy. By 1874 the rifle was available in a variety of calibers, and it was one of the few designs successfully to be adapted to metallic cartridge use. The Sharps rifles became icons of the American Old West due to their appearances in many Western-genre films and books. Perhaps as a result, several rifle companies offer reproductions of the Sharps rifle.
Sharps' initial rifle was Patented September 12, 1848 and manufactured by A. S. Nippes at Mill Creek, (Philadelphia) Pennsylvania, in 1850.
The second model used the Maynard tape primer, and surviving examples are marked Edward Maynard - Patentee 1845. In 1851 the second model was brought to the Robbins & Lawrence Company of Windsor, Vermont where the Model 1851 was developed for mass production. Rollin White of the R&L Co. invented the knife-edge breech block and self-cocking device for the "box-lock" Model 1851. This is referred to as the "First Contract", which was for 10,000 Model 1851 carbines - of which approximately 1,650 were produced by R&L in Windsor. In 1851 the "Second Contract" was made for 15,000 rifles and the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company was organized as a holding company with $1,000 in capital and with John C. Palmer as president, Christian Sharps as engineer, and Richard S. Lawrence as master armorer and superintendent of manufacturing. Sharps was to be paid a royalty of $1 per firearm and the factory was built on R&L's property in Hartford, Connecticut. The Model 1851 was replaced in production by the Model 1853. Christian Sharps left the company in 1855 to form his own manufacturing company called "C. Sharps & Company" in Philadelphia; Richard S. Lawrence continued as the chief armorer until 1872 and developed the various Sharp models and their improvements that made the rifle famous. In 1874, the company was reorganized and renamed "The Sharps Rifle Company" and it remained in Hartford until 1876, whereupon it relocated to Bridgeport, Connecticut. The Sharps rifle would play a prominent role in the Bleeding Kansas conflict during the 1850s, particularly in the hands of anti-slavery forces. The Sharps rifles supplied to anti-slavery factions earned the name Beecher's Bibles, after the famed abolitionist Henry Beecher.
The military Sharps rifle was used during and after the American Civil War in multiple variations. Along with being able to use a standard percussion cap the Sharps had a fairly unusual pellet primer feed. This was a device which held a stack of pelleted primers and flipped one over the nipple each time the trigger was pulled and the hammer fell—making it much easier to fire a Sharps from horseback than a gun employing individually loaded percussion caps. The Sharps Rifle was used in the Civil War by multiple Union units, most famously by the U.S Army marksman known popularly as "Berdan's Sharpshooters" in honor of their leader Hiram Berdan. The Sharps made a superior sniper weapon of greater accuracy than the more commonly issued muzzle loading rifled muskets. This was due mainly to the higher rate of fire of the breech Loading mechanism and superior quality of manufacture, as well as the ease of which it could be reloaded from a kneeling or prone position.
At this time however, many officers were distrustful of breech-loading weapons on the grounds that they would encourage men to waste ammunition. In addition, the Sharps rifle was expensive to manufacture (three times the cost of a muzzle-loading Springfield Rifle) and so only 11,000 of the Model 1859s were produced. Most were unissued or given to sharpshooters, but the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves (which still carried the old-fashioned designation of a "rifle regiment") carried them until being mustered out in 1864.
The carbine version was very popular with the cavalry of both the Union and Confederate armies and was issued in much larger numbers than other carbines of the war and was top in production in front of the Spencer or Burnside Carbines. The falling-block action lent itself to conversion to the new metallic cartridges developed in the late 1860s, and many of these converted carbines in .50-70 Government were used during the Indian Wars in the decades immediately following the Civil War. Some Civil War, issue carbines had an unusual feature: a hand-cranked grinder in the stock. Although long thought to be a coffee mill, experimentation with some of the few survivors suggests the grinder is ill-suited for coffee. The modern consensus is that its true purpose was for grinding corn or wheat, or more appropriately for grinding charcoal needed in the production of black powder.
Unlike the Sharps rifle, the carbine was very popular and almost 90,000 were produced. By 1863, it was the most common weapon carried by Union cavalry regiments, although in 1864 many were replaced by 7 shot Spencer Carbines. Some Sharps clones were produced by the Confederates in Richmond. Quality was generally poorer and they normally used brass fittings instead of iron.
This particular example has multiple patent stampings with the earliest being 1852, I believe, indicating that it started life as an 1852 percussion carbine and based on the subsequent stampings, converted to centre fire likely around 1859. Sharps rifles have had a very interesting and somewhat confusing history, so if my deductions are incorrect please feel free to let me know so I can change the information. As with all of the pieces I have dealt with in the Connor collection, this rifle is in amazing original condition, with clear stamps, vivid case colour, good deep rich blueing and an amazingly near perfect bore. Please review the pics.
For additional information, please contact Mr. Connor at firstname.lastname@example.org.